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Office of Environmental Health and Safety

Bloodborne Pathogen Training for High Risk Personnel

Revised: May 20, 2015

Training Support

This training module must be taken during normal working hours so that you have ready access to Taylor Kriete, Biological Safety Officer. He is available at (504) 952-1337 to answer any questions you have related to this training.

Contents

  1. Introduction
    1. Regulations
    2. Exposure Control Plan
    3. Definitions
  2. Types of BBPs and Modes of Transmission
  3. Risk Determination
  4. Hepatitus B Vaccine
  5. Exposure Response
  6. Work Practices
virus 2 image  virus 1 image

I.  Introduction

ORM Logo  OSHA Logo

You should read the LSUHSC Exposure Control Plan (ECP), which is designed to eliminate of minimize occupational exposure to BBPs. Its components include:

This training highlights the key elements of the ECP. Hyperlinks to more detailed information are shown in red.

School of Dentistry personnel should also be familiar with the additional guidance provided by the School of Dentistry ECP.

Definitions

Examples of OPIM

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Cerebrospinal, synovial, pleural, amniotic, pericardial, and peritoneal fluids; semen; vaginal secretions.

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Any material fluid contaminated with blood; saliva in dental procedures.

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Bodily fluids in emergency situations that cannot be recognized.

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Unfixed human tissues or organs.

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Unfixed tissues or organs from HIV- or HBV-infected animals.

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HIV or HBV cell cultures or culture medium.

II.  Types of BBPs and Modes of Transmission

HIV/AIDS

Hepatitus B Virus

Hepatitus C Virus

Acute Hepatitus

Modes of Transmission

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III.  Risk Determination

Exposure Risk Determination

Personnel are classified as high risk if they:

Low risk personnel do not perform any activity listed above (e.g., clerical, administrative staff, IT).

Employee Risk Determination

Students in lab  face to face image

Student Risk Determination

IV. Hepatitis B Vaccine

V.  Exposure Response

Exposure Incident

Exposure Incident: a specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or a puncture contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of a person's duties.

For example:

If you’re not sure if you’ve had an exposure, check for punctures in your glove. If the glove is broken, assume an exposure has occurred.

needle stick injury

Exposure Response

The following actions should be taken immediately after exposure:

After initial treatment is complete, make an appointment with your healthcare provider as soon as possible for appropriate follow-up.

For more information on exposure response actions, see Section 9 of the Exposure Control Plan .

Post-Treatment Actions

Following an exposure incident, the supervisor must report the incident and complete the appropriate reporting form(s) as outlined in the Incident and Accident Reporting and Investigation Policy .

Counseling for employees and students is available through the Campus Assistance Program (568-8888). The Student Health Clinic can provide access to the Expert Review Panel on behalf of students.

VI.  Work Practices

Universal Precautions

Work Practices

Work practice controls are modifications of work procedures to reduce the likelihood of exposure to blood or OPIM. Use these work practice controls:

PPE

Gloves Lab coatpair of gloves safety glasses face shield

Hand Washing

hand washing

Engineering Controls

Engineering controls are physical controls that isolate or remove BBP hazards from the workplace. Examples include:

safety glasses face shield face shield

Biological Safety Cabinets

Biological Safety Cabinets

Sharps Containers

Sharps Containers

Sharps

SESIPs

Splash Guards

splash guard 1 plastic backed absorbent pads

Centrifuging and Pipetting

Covered Centrifuge 1 Covered Centrifuge 2 No Pipetting by Mouth

Work Area Restrictions

Authorizaed Personnel Only Sign

Handling and Transport

Sealable Plastic Box Test Tube

Disinfection

Molecule 1 Molecule 2

Decontamination

Decontamination is the process of removing biohazardous agents.

Autoclave

Biological Waste Disposal

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Spill Response

Should a incident or spill occur involving blood or OPIM, do not attempt to clean it up  without appropriate PPE. For major spills, contact University Police immediately, and notify Environmental Health and Safety to assist in cleaning up the spill.

biological waste

Training Support

If you have questions or comments, please contact Taylor Kriete, Biological Safety Officer at (504) 952-1337 or tkriet@lsuhsc.edu.