Environmental Health and Safety
General Safety Training
Revised February 3, 2017
- Chancellor's Policy Statement
- Safety Responsibilities
- General Safety Rules
- Hazard Communication
- Reducing Hazard Exposure
- Fires and Fire Extinguishers
- Safety Support
This training provides general safety guidance for LSUHSC
faculty, staff and students. It is the first of four quarterly safety
presentations issued via the Knowledge Delivery System as required by
the State Office of Risk Management.
These quarterly safety presentations provide information
generally applicable to all personnel. It is the responsibility of all
supervisors to augment this training with site-specific safety training
required in their work areas. For instance, while this presentation
provides general guidance on Hazard Communication, personnel who work
with hazardous chemicals must receive training on the hazards
associated with those particular chemicals.
Chancellor's Policy Statement
The LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans is committed
to providing a safe and healthy environment for all faculty, staff,
students and visitors; and conducting its mission in compliance with
all applicable environmental health and safety laws and regulations.
As Chancellor, I am responsible for ensuring that the
Health Sciences Center operates safely to minimize health hazards,
reduce the risk of injury, and maintain environmental compliance.
Senior leadership and all supervisors share in this responsibility with
me, and will ensure that all activities under their control are
performed safely and in accordance with current policies and
guidelines. A primary role of the Environmental Health and Safety
(EH&S) Department is to oversee the safety and environmental
programs, and provide consultative services; contact EH&S if you
require assistance for any aspect of your safety and environmental
Maintaining a safe and healthy environment requires the
involvement of all faculty, staff and students. All members of the
Health Sciences Center community are responsible for their own safety
and shall set a personal example of safe practices for other members of
the community. Your commitment to safety and environmental compliance
plays a critical role in support of the Health Sciences Center's
mission to provide world-class education, research and public service.
Vice Chancellors, Deans, Directors, and Department Heads
shall implement the safety program in their areas of administrative
responsibility and are responsible for the safety of the personnel
under their supervision. They will ensure that these personnel are:
- Familiar with safe work practices.
- Informed of hazards in their work area.
- Provided with the proper training and supervision in order to
perform their work safely.
Supervisors, Foremen, and Managers are also responsible
for the safety of the personnel under their supervision and will:
- Train employees in the safe use of equipment and in safe work
practices specific to the workplace.
- Correct any unsafe acts and unsafe conditions.
- Report and investigate accidents.
- Inspect their work areas for compliance with safe work
practices and to identify potential hazards.
- Ensure new employees and employees who are assigned new tasks
are trained on safety procedures before starting work.
Individual personnel are responsible for their personal
safety and will:
- Follow prescribed safety rules and regulations.
- Immediately report safety hazards to their supervisor.
- Report to the supervisor all incidents/accidents, including
"near misses", and any change in health status if it may be due to a
- Seek guidance from their supervisor if there is any
uncertainty on any issue that may impact workplace safety.
The Environmental Health and Safety Department is the
principal provider and coordinator of all LSUHSC safety requirements,
- Providing resources to assist with the identification,
evaluation, and control of hazardous situations.
- Providing assessments for research laboratories and shops
working with potentially hazardous chemicals, biological or physical
agents or processes.
- Providing general safety training, hazardous waste disposal,
and occupational safety and health exposure evaluations.
- Developing and issuing rules and procedures.
Adherence to the following safety rules reduces the risk
- Don't smoke or use tobacco products on campus.
- Don't engage in horseplay.
- Before beginning work, notify your supervisor of any
permanent or temporary impairment that may reduce your ability to
perform in a safe manner.
- Use personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect yourself
from potential hazards that can't be eliminated.
- Operate equipment only if you are trained and authorized.
- Inspect your workstation for potential hazards and ensure
that equipment/vehicles are in safe operating condition before use.
- Immediately report accidents, near misses, and property
damage to your supervisor regardless of severity.
- Immediately report any potentially unsafe condition or act to
- If there is any doubt about the safe work method to be used,
consult your supervisor before beginning work.
- Follow recommended work procedures outlined for the job,
including safe work practices outlined in the job safety analysis,
standard operating procedure, or owner's manual.
- Maintain an orderly environment and work procedure. Store all
tools and equipment in a designated place. Place scrap and waste
material in a designated container.
- Fasten restraint belts. Do not use cell phones while
operating a government vehicle or while using your personal vehicle or
rental car for official business.
- You have a right to know of the hazards in your workplace
and must be provided with the training and equipment necessary to
protect you from these hazards.
- A substance is "hazardous" if classified as either a
"physical hazard" (e.g., flammables, explosives) or a "health hazard"
(e.g., carcinogen, hepatotoxic, mutagen).
- Each laboratory or shop that uses hazardous materials
shall have a plan that addresses: proper handling, storage and disposal
of the hazardous materials; maintenance of Safety Data Sheets; use of
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other safety equipment (e.g.,
fume hoods); and site-specific training that is documented in writing.
- The site-specific training is required:
- Within 30 days
- When working in a new area;
- Whenever a new
material or procedure is introduced into the workplace;
- Whenever the
Department Head or Supervisor determines that refresher training is in
- At least annually.
- OSHA has implemented the Globally Harmonized System
(GHS) of Hazard Classification and Labeling of Chemicals.
- GHS makes two primary changes to the current program:
- Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) have been replaced by
Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
- New labeling and pictograms.
- The previous chemical safety programs employed Material
Safety Data Sheets, which are written in a variety of formats.
- GHS changed the name to Safety Data Sheets, and
standardized the sections and information contained in the document.
The new SDS format has 16 standardized sections:
- Hazard(s) identification
- Composition of ingredients
- First-aid measures
- Fire-fighting measures
- Accidental release measures
- Handling and storage
- Exposure control/PPE
- Physical and chemical properties
- Stability and reactivity
- Toxicological information
- Ecological information
- Disposal considerations
- Transport information
- Regulatory information
- Other information
SDS-Example of the New Format
- Similarly, the previous chemical labeling systems have
non-standardized labels that look different for the same product.
Labels also differ from country to country.
- Required GHS Product Label Elements:
- Product identifier and chemical name.
- Signal words - use "Danger" or "Warning" to indicate risk
- Hazard statements.
- Precautionary information.
- Supplier identifier.
- Although the label formatting is not standardized, all
labels will contain the six items listed above.
(Click or tap image for expanded view)
- The old hazard symbols, called "pictograms" were also
different from country to country. GHS updates these to a standardized
system for hazard communication.
- GHS uses nine pictograms, which contain a black
indicating a hazard, set inside a red diamond. The pictograms are shown
(Click or tap image for expanded view)
are being transported a different set of pictograms are used on the
- The Department of Transportation had already adopted
the GHS transport pictograms, so nothing will change. Transport
are shown below for reference.
- Where a transport pictogram appears, the GHS pictogram
for the same hazard should not appear. Transport pictograms will occur
on the outside of the box the chemical is packaged in.
(Click or tap image for expanded view)
consideration for controlling hazards is to eliminate
the hazard or substitute a less hazardous material or
process. When it is not possible to eliminate a hazard, you should
control the hazard using the following methods (in order):
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
Applying this hierarchy is a systematic approach to identify
most effective method of risk reduction. The highest-level feasible
control should be selected.
- Engineering controls minimize employee exposures by
either reducing or removing the hazard at the source or isolating the
worker from the hazards.
- Examples of common engineering controls used at LSUHSC
include chemical fume hoods, biological safety cabinets, and machine
guards for power tools.
- Ensure all equipment requiring inspection and testing is
- Maintain and follow the manufacturer's operating
for all engineering control equipment.
- Users of engineering control equipment must be familiar
their purpose, capabilities and limitations prior to use.
Administrative controls significantly limit daily
exposure to hazards through policies and procedures that provide
guidance for safe work practices and standard for behavior.
Examples include Job Safety Analyses (JSA) (see EH&S
-400.04, Job Safety Analysis Policy for performance
guidance), standard operating procedures (SOP), job rotation, training,
signs and warning labels, personal hygiene, housekeeping and
Administrative controls do not remove hazards, but help
to limit or prevent exposure to the hazards.
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a device or
clothing worn by a worker to help prevent direct exposure to hazards.
- PPE is the least preferred method of protection, and
should be used following implementation of engineering and
administrative controls methods.
- Examples include respirators, hearing protection,
lab coats and safety glasses.
- Proper selection of PPE is crucial since one type of PPE
will not work with all types of hazards. Contact Environmental Health
and Safety for assistance with PPE selection.
- If you see a fire or smoke, PULL the closest fire alarm
- ALERT others of the pending emergency and begin a calm
and immediate evacuation of the building. Close the door(s) to your
office or classroom to confine the fire.
- CALL University Police (568-8999) or 911 and provide:
- Your name and the telephone number.
- The exact location of fire or smoke.
- The type of fire (electrical, flammable liquid, trash, etc).
- The extent of the fire (severity and/or amount of smoke).
- EVACUATE to the outdoor Emergency Evacuation Area.
- All buildings are equipped with automatic fire
systems. These systems activate when heat melts a sensing element in
the sprinkler head.
- All buildings are also equipped with fire
primarily type ABC extinguishers, which are effective against wood,
paper and plastics; flammable liquids; and electrical fires.
- If you choose to use a fire extinguisher, ensure you
follow the guidelines below.
Never fight a
- If the fire is larger than the volume of a typical
- If you must fight the fire with your back to an escape
- If the fire can block your only escape.
operate a fire extinguisher:
- Use the PASS method. (Pull, Aim, Squeeze and Sweep)
All open flames,
open burns and the use of pyrotechnics/fireworks, both indoors and
outdoors, are strictly prohibited at the Health
Sciences Center except for:
- Classroom or laboratory: Bunsen burners may be used in
the course when conducted under the supervision of the instructor.
- Hot Work Permit Program: Open flames are permitted when
covered by the Hot Work Permit Program.
- If you need assistance performing a hazard assessment for
your shop or lab, or if you identify a safety issue you can't correct
yourself, contact Environmental Health and Safety at 568-6585 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
- LSUHSC has four committees (General, Biological,
Chemical and Radiation Safety) comprised of faculty and staff that
address safety concerns. If you have an issue of concern that you would
like to have a committee address, contact Environmental Health and