Employee General Safety
OUTLINE
 
·         Purpose
·        Chancellor’s Safety Message
·        Safety Responsibilities
·        General Safety Rules
·        Fire Safety
·        Possible Hazards
·        Hazard Communication
·        Reducing Hazard Exposure
·        Emergency Response
·        Hazardous Waste Procedures
·        Compressed Gases
 
PURPOSE
·        This training provides basic safety information for the LSUHSC community. Note that some titles and certain words contain web links, which will direct you to the LSUHSC policy or further information on that topic.
 
 
CHANCELLOR’S SAFETY MESSAGE
 
·        LSUHSC –NO considers safety to be an important function of the University. As employees, it is our duty to know and follow the safety rules, policies, and regulations that are adopted by LSUHSC-NO.
 
·        It is the goal of LSUHSC-NO to eliminate or minimize suffering and the adverse economic impact that accidents have on both employees and the University. This goal can be achieved only through the support and commitment of each employee.
 
·        It is the responsibility of each individual to help prevent personal injury and loss of property caused by accidents. It is the responsibility of every supervisor to ensure that they and their employees follow all safety rules, policies, and procedures. In order to promote this goal, a Safety Manual has been developed and adopted to acquaint all employees with this aspect of their responsibilities.
 
·        Your cooperation and participation in the Loss Control Program and our efforts to reduce accidents is necessary to maintain the University’s excellence in safety matters.
 
 
SAFETY RESPONSIBILITIES
 
·        Every individual must accept responsibility for his or her personal safety. All supervisory personnel must eliminate or control hazards in their work areas.
 
·        This can be achieved by planning all work based on the hazards involved and by using safe working procedures.  
 
GENERAL SAFETY RULES 
Adherence to the following safety rules and principles reduces risk of injury or accident.
 
·        Help new employees learn safe work habits.
·        Never start a job unless you know how to do the job. Consider safety first and ask for help when in doubt.
·        Walk at a safe speed.
·        Report defective tools and equipment.
·        Report hazardous conditions.
·        Never leave power equipment running unattended.
·        Wear suitable clothing. 
FIRE SAFETY
To efficiently respond to a fire emergency, it is important for everyone to know
·        What should I do if smoke or fire occurs?
·        What should I do if alarm sounds?
·        What happens to elevators during alarm?
·        What should I do if trapped in a building?
·        What Fire Alarm Systems are used
·        Where is my evacuation location?
·        What are the different classifications of fires and which fire extinguisher type to use?
·        What should I do if smoke or fire occurs?
·        What should I do if alarm sounds?
·        How do I use a Fire Extinguisher? 
 
FIRE SAFETY
"If smoke or fire occurs"
 
·        Pull closest fire alarm pull station
·        Alert others while departing IMMEDIATELY.
·        Call University Police (568-8999) and report:
o       Your name and phone number.
o       Exact location of fire (building, floor & room #).
 
FIRE SAFETY
"If a Fire alarm sounds"
·        Evacuate immediately while alerting others.
·        DO NOT use elevators.
·        Carefully walk down stairs and stay to right.
·        Offer assistance to others who can move down stairs but may still need assistance.
·        Go to assigned outside area of refuge.
·        Walk to nearest stairwell exit.
·        Remain in area of refuge until "all clear" is given by University Police. 
FIRE SAFETY
"Elevators during alarm"
·        Speakers will sound in elevators.
·        Elevators may or may not be recalled to first or second floor of building.
·        Once recalled, will remain with doors open.
·        If on an elevator during alarm, when door opens, exit and go to your refuge area.
 
 
FIRE SAFETY
"If trapped in a building"
 
·        Stay where you are, don’t panic.
·        Feel door handle, entire door and if hot, "DO NOT OPEN THE DOOR".
·        Call University Police at 568-8999 or dial911 and give name, exact location and your condition.
 
FIRE SAFETY
"Fire Alarm Systems used"
 
·        Each building has a fire alarm system that will notify occupants in less than three seconds.
 
·        Resource Center, Lions Eye, CSRB and School of Allied Health/Nursing buildings are designed to High Rise code standards; therefore, the fire alarm will initially sound on only the impacted floor and floor immediately above and below.
 
·        MEB, Residence Hall, Stanislaus Hall, Clinical Education Building (1542), all School of Dentistry Campus (Clinic, Administration buildings and the Powerhouse), Roman Garage, and the Uptown Campus main building are designed to General code standards; therefore, the fire alarm will sound in the entire building.
 
FIRE SAFETY
"Evacuation Refuge Areas"

Building   
Area of Refuge
Map (Click on Area to view map)
Resource Center (RSC), Administration and Library
Between Allied Health and Roman Street garage on Gravier Street.
(Area #1)
Lions Eye
In front of CSRB at corner of Bolivar and Perdido Streets.
(Area #2)
Clinical Science Research Building (CSRB)
On front side of Lions Eye at corner of Gravier and Bolivar Streets.
(Area #3)
Allied Health and Nursing (AH)
In front of Resource center on Bolivar Street side.
(Area #4)
Medical Education Building (MEB)
In front between Lions Eye and CSRB near Bolivar Street.
(Area #5)
Residence Hall
On front side of MEB at corner of Perdido and St. Roman Streets.
(Area #6)
Stanislaus Hall
Outside Stanislaus Parking lot along Gravier Street.
(Area #7)
Clinical Education Building,(CEB-1542 Tulane Ave.)         
Outside CEB building in rear parking lot.
(Area #8)
School of Dentistry Campus–Clinic                                                             
Outside Clinic building behind rear courtyard.
(Area #9)
School of Dentistry–Campus Administration
Outside Admin building in rear Grassy area.
(Area #10)
School of Dentistry Campus –Power House                                                   
Outside in front parking area of Power Plant.
(Area #11)
Uptown Campus –Hospital 
In front hospital Parking lot.
(Area #12)
Uptown Campus– Central Plant/Maintenance                                                     
In front of Maintenance Building in large Grassy area.
(Area #13)
Uptown Campus  –Cottages 1& 2
Outside of Cottages in front grassy area.
(Area#14)

  
FIRE SAFETY
"Classification of Fuels" 
 

 

A-Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics
 
B-Flammable liquids: gasoline, oil, grease, acetone
 
C-Electrical: energized electrical equipment
 
D-Metals: potassium, sodium, aluminum, magnesium
 
FIRE SAFETY
"Fire Extinguisher Types" 
·        ABC Type Fire Extinguishers ABC type dry chemical fire extinguishers utilize a non toxic monoammonium phosphate dry chemical agent, which is highly effective against A, B and C classfires.
 
·        Carbon Dioxide Fire ExtinguishersCO2 (Carbon Dioxide) is a liquefied gas, which is highly effective fighting B and C class fires. These units are ideal for areas where contamination and/or clean-up are a concern, such as data processing centers, labs, telecommunication rooms, food storage and processing areas.
 
FIRE SAFETY
"Extinguishing a Fire –PASS method"
 
1.      Pull the pin
 
2.      Aim at the base
 
3.      Squeeze the handle
 
4.      Sweep side to side
 
POSSIBLE HAZARDS
 
Biological
 
·        Ingestion          
·        Inhalation
·        Pathogens 
·        Vector-Borne
·        Needle puncture
·        Animal bite/scratch
Chemical
·        Explosives
·        Flammables
·        Corrosives 
·        Toxins
·        Compressed Gases and Liquids (Nitrogen, CO2, O2) 
Radiation
·        X-Rays
·        Beta Rays
·        Irradiations 
·        Gamma Rays
·        Lasers
·        Microwaves
 
HAZARD COMMUNICATION
 
·        You have a legal right to know what you may need to work safely:
o       Existence/effects of hazardous chemicals in your workplace.
o       Appropriate training and necessary equipment.
 
·        A hazardous chemical is any which can harm your body.
 
·        A hazardous chemical can also cause explosions or fire.
 
·        Three forms of chemicals:
o       Solid
o       Liquid
o       Gas
 
·        Three routes of chemical entry to body:
o       Ingestion–swallowing the chemical
o       Inhalation–breathing in the chemical
o       Absorption–chemical soaks through the skin
 
·        How do you get information about hazardous chemicals:
o       From the label (read it)
o       From the products Material Safety Data Sheet (read it)
 
 
HAZARD COMMUNICATION -MSDS
"Material Safety Data Sheets"
 
·        Technical summary of known chemical & physical hazards of a substance.
·        It is important to understand the chemicals you work with and store in your work area.
·        MSDS shall be located in all labs where chemicals are present either in hardcopy form or on lab computer hard drive.
·        Refer to MSDS often.
 
REDUCING HAZARD EXPOSURE
 
·        Engineering controls eliminate or reduce exposure through the use or substitution of engineered machinery or equipment. This is the preferred method.
o       Chemical Fume Hoods, Biological Fume Hoods, fire extinguishers, safety showers, etc.
 
·        Administrative Controls (work practices controls) are changes in work procedures with the goal of reducing the duration, frequency, and severity to exposure.
o       Job Safety Analysis, Standard Operating Procedures
 
·        Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) includes protective clothing, respiratory devices, protective shields and barriers.
 
REDUCING HAZARD EXPOSURE
"Job Safety Analysis (JSA)"
 
·        JSA is an evaluation tool used to identify potential accidents or hazards and then implement safe job procedures. The process involves:
o       Breaking down a particular job/task into a series of simple steps.
o       At each step, the hazards are identified, and solutions/recommendations are given for the prevention of accidents.
·        JSAs shall be performed on all jobs that have resulted in an incident/accident, death, change in a job procedure/equipment, or pose a potential for severe injury or property damage.
·        Conduct a JSA on all applicable jobs using the State of Louisiana Form JSA 1-00.
·        All new employees will initially be trained on JSAs and have annual refresher training on JSAs.
 
 
REDUCING HAZARD EXPOSURE
"Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)"
 
·        Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will be provided by LSUHSC at no cost to employees.
·        Prior to using PPE, employees must be trained on the basics of use and maintenance.
·        Ensure proper respirators for the specific task. Contact Environmental Health and Safety for fit tests.
·        Use prescription safety lenses or goggles to cover glasses.
·        Contact lenses can trap particles and gases; chemicals may cause lens to melt.
 
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
To efficiently respond to emergencies, it is important for everyone to know:
·        The location of the nearest safety device that you will need?
·        The specific procedures to follow for different hazardous spills?
·        Who should be contacted for additional assistance?
 
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
"Know location of Safety Devices" 
·        Eye-washing station
·        Safety shower
·        Fire Extinguisher
·        Spill Kits
 
 
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
"Procedures for Hazardous Spills"
 
·        Biological Spill–The decision whether to clean up a biological spill yourself is determined by several factors. Actual agent and associated risks, biosafety level and amount of material spilled are some of these factors.
 
·        Chemical Spill–The decision whether to clean up a chemical spill yourself or request assistance depends upon the toxicity of the chemical and the size of the spill. Do not attempt to clean up a spill if the chemical is unknown or extremely toxic.
 
·        Radiation Spill–The decision whether to clean up a radiation spill yourself or request assistance depends upon the activity amount of radioactive liquid spilled. Spills less than 100 uCi may be cleaned up by the individual. Spills greater than 100 uCi the Radiation Safety Office should be notified to clean. 
 
HAZARDOUS WASTE PROCEDURES
 
·        Chemical, Radiation, Biological and Glass
 
Glass waste -cardboard box with plastic liner
Radiation ---cardboard box & plastic containers
Biological --cardboard box with plastic liner
Needles------Sharps container (placed in bio-box)
 
COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED GASES
·        Compressed gases represent physical (high pressure) and potential chemical hazards (gas specific).
·        The primary identifier of the cylinder is the label! Not the color. Check the identity of the gas before use.
·        MSDS sheets must be available for all compressed gas cylinders used in the laboratory.
 
COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED GASES
 
·        Secure all compressed gas cylinders properly at all times.
·        Emergency Preparation for Liquid Nitrogen.
  
The End!!!
 
If you have any questions or concerns, please call the Environmental Health and Safety department at (504) 568-6585 or e-mail us at safety@lsuhsc.edu