Office of Environmental Health and Safety
Bloodborne Pathogen Training for Low Risk Personnel
Revised: March 17, 2017
module must be taken during normal working hours so that you have ready access
to Taylor Kriete, Biological Safety Officer. He is available at (504) 952-1337
to answer any questions you have related to this training.
who may encounter blood or body fluids, but not as part of regular job
duties, are considered as “low risk” and must complete this training every
five years as required by OSHA and State of Louisiana Office of Risk
training includes hyperlinks(indicated
by red underlined text) to provide you with additional information.
here to view the
- Blood includes human blood, human blood components, and products made from
Pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms present in human
blood and other body fluids that can cause disease in humans, including
hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Exposure is reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous
membrane, or parenteral contact with blood or OPIM that may result from
the performance of the employee’s duties.
Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) are materials other than human blood that can contain bloodborne pathogens and may potentially be
infectious. OPIM include HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures or organ
cultures and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions.
Examples of OPIM
synovial, pleural, amniotic, pericardial, and peritoneal fluids; semen; vaginal
Any material fluid
contaminated with blood; saliva in dental procedures.
fluids in emergency situations that cannot be recognized.
human tissues or organs.
tissues or organs from HIV- or HBV-infected animals.
or HBV cell cultures or culture medium.
Common BBP Diseases
- AIDS is the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a serious illness that
harms the body's ability to fight infection, and is caused by the HIV
virus. Though infected individuals may not initially have symptoms of HIV
infection, it may still be possible for them to spread disease.
B is an infectious illness caused by HBV which causes
inflammation of the liver, liver infection, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
Hepatitis B is far more common than HIV and is present in very high
concentrations in the blood of infected persons. A vaccination is
available for Hepatitis B.
C is an infectious disease affecting the liver.
Symptoms for both HBV and HCV include flu-like illness, jaundice, dark
urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, abdominal and joint point, and rash. No
vaccine is currently available for Hepatitis C.
Modes of Transmission
can be via direct and indirect contact.
can occur through:
punctures from sharp objects (i.e., needles, broken glass, or other
between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids (e.g., open
sores, cuts, abrasions, acne, or any sort of damaged or broken skin such
to mucous membranes, eyes, nose, or mouth.
are not known to be transmitted across intact skin.
Exposure Risk Determination
classified as high risk if they:
direct patient care activities likely to result in direct or indirect
exposure to blood or body fluids.
human blood, body fluids, tissues or organs.
equipment, materials or waste that may be contaminated with human blood,
body fluids or OPIMs.
administer first aid.
potential for to be exposed to blood, body fluids or OPIM in their job
Physicians, dentists, laboratory workers, healthcare workers, plumbers and
custodial staff, shelter workers, child welfare workers, police officers
and others who carry weapons, first responders, firefighters, kitchen
staff (that may handle sharp equipment), and public safety workers.
Low risk personnel do not perform
any activity listed above (e.g., clerical, administrative staff, IT).
Employee Risk Determination
Office of Compliance initially assigns risk levels and associated training
for all employees based on job title and department.
supervisor will validate the assigned risk level by reviewing tasks and
procedures associated with the employee’s exposure to human blood, body
fluids, or OPIMs.
the employee’s risk level changes due to supervisory review or the
assignment of new tasks, notify the Biological Safety Officer so that the correct
training module can be assigned.
Student Risk Determination
enrolled in the Schools of Public Health and Graduate Studies are
initially classified as low risk.
due to the nature of their work a School of Public Health or Graduate
Studies student should in fact be classified as high risk, notify the Biological Safety Officer so
that the correct training module can be assigned.
Public Health and Graduate Studies students are not required to be
vaccinated for hepatitis B, the “high risk” student will obtain the
Hepatitis B vaccination (or verify they are already vaccinated) or
complete the Hepatitis B Consent/Declination
form (appendix A to the ECP) indicating that they decline the
vaccination. Provide the immunization record or signed Consent/Declination
form to Student Health.
specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or a puncture
contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from
the performance of a person's duties.
- Needlesticks or scrapes and cuts with
with broken skin through cuts or rashes.
to the eyes, nose or mouth.
actions should be taken immediately after exposure:
first aid. Wash the needlestick or cut with soap
and water. Notify your supervisor as soon as feasible.
exposure is by splashes or infectious materials to the nose, mouth or
eyes, the affected area should be flushed extensively with water, saline
or sterile irrigating solution.
the routes of exposure, the biological material of exposure, and how the
medical attention as soon as possible. HIV prophylaxis is most effective
if started within two hours of exposure.
treatment is complete, make an appointment with your healthcare provider as
soon as possible for appropriate follow-up.
information on exposure response actions, see Section 9 of the Exposure Control Plan
exposure incident, the supervisor must report the incident and complete the
appropriate reporting form(s) as outlined in the Incident and Accident Reporting and
Investigation Policy .
employees and students is available through the Campus Assistance Program
(568-8888). The Student Health Clinic can provide access to the Expert Review
Panel on behalf of students.
V. Work Practices
not handle blood, OPIM or any biological materials without proper
working knowledge, bioboxes with red biohazard
liners are used to dispose of biohazardous waste. Sharps containers are
used to dispose of all contaminated sharps (i.e., needles, scalpels).
equipment and containers used to store, transport, or ship blood, OPIM or
any biological materials must have a label with the word “biohazard” and
the biohazard symbol.
and signs shall be fluorescent orange or orange-red with lettering and
symbols in a contrasting color.
Should a incident or spill occur involving blood or OPIM, contact
University Police immediately. University Police will notify Environmental Health
and Safety to assist in cleaning up the spill.
the area, keeping all personnel clear of spill.
by during spill response and cleanup activity to provide information and
to the Biological Spill Response Policy for
additional spill response guidance.
If you have questions or comments, please contact Taylor
Kriete, Biological Safety Officer at (504) 952-1337 or email@example.com .