TEAM UP™ Outcomes
Many institutions use attitudinal and perception surveys to measure interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes. Although outcomes from these surveys cannot predict behaviors, educators use the Theory of Planned Behavior1 to support the use of these validated instruments. If the decision to change behavior is directly related to a change in attitudes and beliefs,1 using instruments, such as the SPICE-R22 throughout an academic journey provides insight to IPE curricula impact.
As a requirement of the curriculum, students complete the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised instrument, version 2 (SPICE-R2) after engaging in both Year 1 and 2. The SPICE-R2 includes ten items across three factors: Interprofessional Teamwork and Team-based Practice (4 items), Roles/Responsibilities for Collaborative Practice (3 items), and Patient Outcomes from Collaborative Practice (3 items). Students rate their level of agreement using the following 5-point Likert-type scale: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree. The bar graph below provides an overview of the change in total SPICE-R2 score of all students participating since 2017.
- Fishbein M, Ajzen I. Beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behavior. Boston: Adison-Wesley; 1975.
- Zorek JA, Lockeman KS, Eickhoff JC, Gunaldo TP. Multi-institutional validation of the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised instrument, version 2 (SPICE-R2). American Interprofessional Health Collaborative and Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative, Collaborating Across Borders Meeting, Banff, Canada, October 2, 2017.